Sustaining rice production in a changing climate
ClimaRice kf8 Photo by Ragnar Våga Pedersen
ClimaRice is a research project on climate change adaptation and rice production, livelihoods and food security in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, India. 

Climate change is likely to influence agriculture and water sectors and eventually  food security and livelihoods of a large section of the rural population in developing countries. Extreme weather events such as droughts, floods, heat waves and changes in the monsoon rains are already affecting agricultural production in India and farmers are struggling to adapt and sustain their livelihoods due to these changes. The ClimaRice project is testing  and validating selected technologies on farmer's fields in India, in close co-operation with farmers and local agencies. The project follows a multidisciplinary approach,  integrating  natural and social sciences and bringing science closer to  policy makers to enable them to frame suitable policies to adapt to climate change and extreme weather events.

For upcoming events and news on ClimaRice, please go here.

Latest news:

 Training Workshop on climate change and socio-economic impact assessment
models, 
25-27 March 2013, Venue:  WALAMTARI, Hyderabad

 A training workshop on the ‘Climate Change and Socio-economic Impact Assessment models’ was organised by IWMI  at Water and Land Management Training and Research Institute (WALAMTARI), Hyderabad from 25-27th March 2013 as a part of dissemination of socio-economic research output. About 37 young researchers and scientists  from Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) Hyderabad, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) Coimbatore and WALAMTARI were participated to update their skills in data analysis and modelling relating to climate change and water management.

The training program shared CLIMARICE II results and analytical methods used in the two river basins viz., Krishna and Cauvery focusing on data handling with statistical tools, vulnerability analysis, optimisation, efficiency measures and choice experiments. The first day of the training program gave exposure to the statistical tools and hands on training regarding the perception data analysis by using Garrett ranking. In day two, training on construction of vulnerability index and choice experiments for the weather based crop insurance was given. Further, in day three, a training on ricardian model to assess the impact of climate change, linear programming and multi goal linear program was arranged. Also, the cost of adaptation and cost of uncertainty were explained to the participants as a part of technology adoption due to the climate change. At the end of the training program certificates were given to the participants.

 

  

 Climarice 2 work acknowledged at the National Seminar in Hyderabad, January, 2013

 Paper titled "Partnership as key for enhanced technology transfer: A case of direct sowing rice in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India" was adjudged as the BEST PAPER PRESENTATION in National Seminar on "Futuristic Agricultural Extension for Livelihood Improvement and Sustainable Development" organized during 19-21 January 2013 at ANGRAU, Hyderabad.  The paper is based on work implemented in Climarice 2 project in the study areas in Andhra Pradesh jointly by the AP Agri Univ (ANGRAU), Hyderabad, IWMI and Bioforsk. A photo of the award acceptance can be found here while more information in Telegu can be found here.

 

 

 Final meeting and stakeholder workshop of ClimaRice II was hosted by TNAU at Coimbatore, India on 1st February,  2013.

A one day stakeholder workshop and the final project review meeting was hosted by the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, at Coimbatore on the 1st February, 2013. The scheduled stakeholders’ workshop shared final project results with senior policy makers, representatives of farmers and women groups and officials from the Norwegian Embassy, Delhi, relevant government departments and other scientific agencies. The stakeholders’ workshop was also widely covered by regional and national newspapers and channels as can be seen here. 

The three year project initiated in Dec 2009, has generated wide interest on climate change impacts and adaptation in the agriculture and water sectors in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Field demonstration of selected climate smart rice farming systems (SRI, AWDI, DSR) has generated interest amongst farming
community to uptake these measures.

 

 

 

 Hydrological modeling of Cauvery Basin, 2012 International SWAT Conference, 10 December 2012

A paper on hydrological modeling of Cauvery river basin to assess the sustainability of irrigated agriculture due to climate change, was presented in the International SWAT Conference held in New Delhi, India. In particular, the conference was organized by the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, in 18-20 July 2012. There, the paper was submitted and presented by the ClimaRice II partners, V.S. Manivasagam, B. Narasimhan, V. Geethalakshmi, K. Bhuvaneswari and A. Lakshmanan. More information about the paper can be found here

  

 Dissemination of project results to stakeholders, 7 December 2012

Dissemination and capacity building has been an integral component of the project throughout and customized to target groups. A number of technical briefs in English and local languages (Tamil and Telugu), scientific articles, reports and newsletters were published and presented at various forums during 2011-2012.  Most of these have been posted on the project website.

During the first quarter of 2013, the project implementing partners will hold several workshops and meetings with policy makers, senior government officials in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu in disseminating main results from the project. These will include a stakeholder workshop on the 1st February at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, two
workshops in Jan-Feb 2013 (in Chennai and Hyderabad) to present the climate and
hydrology modeling results to policy makers and interaction with local press.

The main results from Climarice 2 are being used in the ongoing ClimaAdapt (www.climaadapt.org) for further upscaling, and thus will ensure sustainability of the results. Some of the results are being promoted by respective state governments as part of the ongoing adaptation strategies and planning in agriculture sector (for eg. Promotion of SRI in Tamil Nadu).

 

 

Exposure visit to farmers on Direct Seeding of Rice (DSR) at Jonnalagadda village and RARS, Lam Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, 11 October 2012

 A farmers exposure visit to Jonnalagadda village was organized by the International Water Management Institute on the 11th October 2012. About 55 farmers from Wazirabad mandal, Nalgonda district participated in the visit. The exposure visit was organised on request from the farmers during the sensitization programs. The main purpose of the visit was to show DSR method practiced by farmers located close to the Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS), Lam in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. Dr.Gurava Reddy, Scientist from Lam centre, Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University oriented the farmers on important steps that need to be considered while taking up the practice. Farmer to farmer learning  is an effective way to disseminate and share knowledge. Farmers were keen about the critical stages of irrigation in DSR method and the use of seed drill machine in DSR

 


 

Dissemination of Climarice 2 results at the National Seminar in Hyderabad, India, 10 October 2012

The IWMI team together with scientists from Agricultural University in Hyderabad will be presenting a paper summarizing the results from the work done on Direct sowing of rice at the  National Seminar on Futuristic Agricultural  extension for Livelihood Improvement and Sustainable Development (8-11 November) at Hyderabad, India.

The paper titled “Stakeholders, a Key For Enhancing Technology Transfer:  A Case Of Direct Sowing of Rice in Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India"

 

 

Progress of South Asian Bioforsk projects presented to Environment Minister of Myanmar, 10 October 2012

Bioforsk has presented the ClimaRice II and ClimaWater project results (http://web.iitd.ac.in/~gosain/CLIMAWATER/index.html) as well as the ClimaAdapt project framework (http://climaadapt.org/) to the Environment Minister of Myanmar and his delegation on the 10th of October 2012 at Lake Vansjø in Norway.

The Minister was quite interested in the some of the results and commented that they could be highly relevant for Myanmar as well that facing similar problems. Rice is a major crop in Myanmar and hence climate change will have an impact on rice production and food security if the problems are not addressed now. The Minister was also presented a copy of the ClimaWater project’s book. More details about the meeting can be found in http://www.bioforsk.no/ikbViewer/page/forside/nyhet?p_document_id=99529 (in Norwegian)

 

 

 

Brochures developed in Telugu language on Direct seeding and Machine transplantation, 22 August 2012

The Zonal Research and Extension Advisory Council (ZREAC) meeting was organised on 22.8.2012 at Ongole in Andhra Pradesh. The meeting was organised for three districts, viz., Krishna, Guntur and Prakasam agricultural and line departments, farmers and scientists to plan for Rabi crop season 2012-13 activities. The brochures developed in Telugu language on Direct seeding and Machine transplantation from Climarice II project were released by Smt. Anitha Rajendra IAS Collector.

 


Results from the Climarice II modelling  presented in SWAT Conference, IIT Delhi, 18-20 July,2012

The results of the modeling analysis conducted in RiceClima II were presented in SWAT Conference held in Delhi at July 2012. Particularly, Mr.Kiran Jella from IWMI Hyderabad office and Dr.N.Balaji from IIT Chennai presented the results from an Assessment of Water Availability for Crop Production in a Changing Climate – Preliminary Results for Krishna Basin.

The conference was a big success drawing over 200 participants with 133
papers presented in four parallel sessions over three days. The conference
represented a true international community, with attendees from 25 countries in
6 continents. More information about the presentation of the conference can be found here http://swat.tamu.edu/conferences/2012/material/july-19/d3/ 

 

 

New publication on Climate change and impacts on South Asian summer monsoons, 25 June 2012

One of the Climarice 2 team members Dr. H. Annamalai from IPRC, Hawaii, has published an article recently on the south Asian monsoons. These results are highly relevant to the Indian context, and also add to the ongoing discussions on the impacts of Climate Change on summer monsoons in the Indian sub-continent. IPRC a partner in the Climarice 2 project is also contributing to the next IPCC report on climate modeling. Title: Climate change and the South Asian summer monsoon
Andrew G. Turner & H. Annamalai,  Nature Climate Change 2, 587–595 (2012)
doi:10.1038/nclimate1495 Published online, 24 June 2012

 

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Group of women in SRI field.jpg

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam.jpg

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Demonstration of mat nursery techniques.jpg

Farmers in Guntur 2.jpg

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The main emphasis of the ClimaRice project is to develop local ownership through active participation of stakeholders in the design, implementation and management of adaptation strategies to ensure the sustainability of rice production.

ClimaRice project team members and embassy staff at the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Andhra Pradesh, India. The Project has partners from India, USA and Norway and is funded by the MFA/Norwegian Embassy in India.

Farmer participation is a crucial part of the ClimaRice Project and the project team is constantly engaged in stakeholder discussions to frame the project research activities and achieve greater sustainability.

Preparation and raising techniques of mat nursery being explained and demonstrated to farmers in Tamil Nadu.  The ClimaRice project emphasizes women's important role in agriculture and works with Self Help Groups to empower women through capacity building.

Project team interacting with farmers in Andhra Pradesh. One of the major focus areas of the project is capacity building and training of stakeholders to increase their knowledge about climate change, impacts and adaptation.

Capacity building at the Farmers Training Center in Karur District. Farmers are trained on soil sampling, quality seed selection, seed germination test and seed treatment with biologicals.

Norway`s Minister of Agriculture and Food, Lars Peder Brekk, visited the project in India in February 2010. He complemented the projects achievements and its focus on promoting dialogue between farmers, researchers and policymakers. Photo by LMD

The first ClimaRice II Capacity building workshop on climate change adaptation technologies: Farmers were exposed to SRI methods, use of mechanical weeders and interpretation of weather parameters for farm decision making.